Spiders

Maria Mitchell staff have been collecting spiders since 2006 and have accumulated more than 6,000 specimens representing about 250 species from Nantucket, Tuckernuck and Muskeget Islands (identifications are on-going). We try to answer several research questions: How many species live on the Islands? How does prescribed burning affect spiders? How do changes in Nantucket plant communities affect spider diversity?

In 2010, MMA scientists and volunteers began a new project to identify harvestmen (daddy-longlegs) on the island.  We found five species.

Scroll down to see a complete list of spider species.

 

Spider Species List for Nantucket

Agelenidae
Number in Collection
1 Agelenopsis emertoni 27
2 Agelenopsis potteri 5
3 Tegenaria domestica 2
Amaurobiidae
4 Amaurobius ferox 5
Anyphaenidae
5 Hibana gracilis 16
Araneidae
6 Acanthepeira stellata 9
7 Araneus alboventris 1
8 Araneus bivittatus 1
9 Araneus diadematus 2
10 Araneus gadus 1
11 Araneus juniperi 2
12 Araneus marmoreus 1
13 Araneus miniatus 4
14 Araneus partitus 2
15 Araneus thaddeus 4
16 Araneus trifolium 4
17 Araniella displicata 3
18 Argiope aurantia 6
19 Argiope trifasciata 20
20 Cyclosa turbinata 3
21 Eustala anastera 14
22 Eustala emertoni 2
23 Larinia borealis 1
24 Larinioides cornutus 5
25 Mangora maculata 4
26 Micrathena sagittata 17
27 Neoscona arabesca 101
28 Neoscona crucifera 1
29 Neoscona domiciliorum 1
30 Neoscona pratensis 21
31 Ocrepeira ectypa 5
Atypidae
32 Sphodros niger 8
33 Sphodros rufipes 5
Clubionidae
34 Clubiona abboti 8
35 Clubiona catawba 20
36 Clubiona johnsoni 28
37 Clubiona kastoni 1
38 Clubiona maritima 1
39 Clubiona obesa 1
40 Clubiona pikei 19
41 Elaver excepta 17
Corinnidae
42 Castianeira cingulata 1
43 Castianeira descripta 1
44 Castianeira gertschi 1
45 Castianeira longipalpa 42
46 Castianeira trilineata 2
47 Meriola decepta 10
Dictynidae
48 Cicurina arcuata 5
49 Emblyna altamira 2
50 Emblyna angulata 1
51 Emblyna cruciata 11
52 Emblyna hentzi 1
53 Emblyna sublata 2
54 Lathys pallida 75
55 Phantyna pixi 5
Dysderidae
56 Dysdera crocata 3
Eutichuridae
57 Cheiracanthium inclusum 8
58 Cheiracanthium mildei 4
Gnaphosidae
59 Callilepis pluto 1
60 Cesonia bilineata 11
61 Drassodes saccatus 5
62 Drassyllus aprilinus 2
63 Drassyllus creolus 56
64 Haplodrassus bicornis 7
65 Haplodrassus hiemalis 1
66 Haplodrassus signifer 104
67 Herpyllus ecclesiasticus 1
68 Micaria longispina 23
69 Sergiolus capulatus 2
70 Sergiolus decoratus 18
71 Sergiolus minutus 1
72 Zelotes duplex 23
73 Zelotes hentzi 69
74 Zelotes laccus 71
75 Zelotes pullus 25
Hahniidae
76 Hahnia cinerea 2
77 Neoantistea agilis 39
Linyphiidae
78 Agyneta fabra 7
79 Agyneta micaria 1
80 Agyneta serrata 30
81 Agyneta unimaculata 1
82 Bathyphantes pallidus 12
83 Centromerus cornupalpis 6
84 Ceraticelus alticeps 69
85 Ceraticelus bryantae 1
86 Ceraticelus emertoni 6
87 Ceraticelus fastidiosus 1
88 Ceraticelus fissiceps 2
89 Ceratinella brunnea 2
90 Ceratinops crenatus 8
91 Ceratinopsis atolma 13
92 Ceratinopsis nigriceps 1
93 Collinsia plumosa 7
94 Eridantes erigonoides 1
95 Erigone aletris 2
96 Erigone autumnalis 13
97 Erigone blaesa 1
98 Erigone dentigera 2
99 Erigone dentosa 1
100 Grammonota capitata 10
101 Grammonota inornata 6
102 Grammonota maculata 59
103 Grammonota ornata 5
104 Grammonota pallipes 18
105 Grammonota pictilis 9
106 Grammonota trivittata 39
107 Grammonota vittata 3
108 Hypselistes florens 8
109 Idionella rugosa 1 (UMass)
110 Idionella sclerata 3
111 Lepthyphantes leprosus 2
112 Lepthyphantes sabulosus 5
113 Maso sundevalli 8
114 Masoncus pogonophilus 4
115 Mermessus maculatus 36
116 Mermessus trilobatus 1
117 Metopobactrus prominulus 1
118 Micargus longitarsus 1
119 Neriene clathrata 33
120 Neriene variabilis 3
121 Ostearius melanopygius 1
122 Pocadicnemis americana 10
123 Scotinotylus vernalis 1
124 Scylaceus pallidus 2
125 Tapinotorquis yamaskensis 1
126 Tennesseellum formicum 30
127 Tenuiphantes sabulosus 5
128 Tenuiphantes zebra 3
129 Walckenaeria atrotibialis 2
130 Walckenaeria brevicornis 4
131 Walckenaeria digitata 7
132 Walckenaeria directa 3
133 Walckenaeria minuta 3
134 Walckenaeria pallida 2
Liocranidae
135 Agroeca ornata 3
136 Agroeca pratensis 20
Lycosidae
137 Allocosa absoluta 1
138 Allocosa funerea 9
139 Arctosa littoralis 4
140 Arctosa rubicunda 7
141 Geolycosa pikei 24
142 Hogna carolinensis 2
143 Hogna frondicola 31
144 Pardosa distincta 150
145 Pardosa floridana 4
146 Pardosa milvina 4
147 Pardosa moesta 23
148 Pardosa saxatilis 278
149 Pirata insularis 9
150 Pirata piraticus 1
151 Pirata sedentarius 1
152 Pirata seminolus 1
153 Rabidosa punctulata 5
154 Rabidosa rabida 9
155 Schizocosa avida 153
156 Schizocosa bilineata 106
157 Schizocosa ocreata 3
158 Tigrosa helluo 60
159 Trabeops aurantiacus 20
160 Trebacosa marxi 9
161 Trochosa ruricola 1
162 Trochosa terricola 9
163 Varacosa shenandoa 10
Mimetidae
164 Mimetus notius 3
Oxyopidae
165 Oxyopes salticus 10
166 Oxyopes scalaris 2
Philodromidae
167 Ebo latithorax 2
168 Philodromus imbecillus 7
169 Philodromus marxi 1
170 Philodromus placidus 13
171 Thanatus formicinus 7
172 Tibellus duttoni 3
173 Tibellus oblongus 19
Pholcidae
174 Pholcus phalangioides 14
Phrurolithidae
175 Phrurolithus similis 40
176 Phruronellus formica 22
177 Phrurotimpus alarius 28
178 Phrurotimpus borealis 10
179 Phrurotimpus certus 30
180 Phrurotimpus dulcineus 4
181 Phrurotimpus minutus 35
182 Scotinella fratrella 1
Pisauridae
183 Dolomedes triton 1
Salticidae
184 Admestina wheeleri 4
185 Eris militaris 7
186 Evarcha hoyi 1
187 Habronattus borealis 1
188 Habronattus decorus 1
189 Habronattus viridipes 18
190 Hentzia palmarum 72
191 Maevia inclemens 7
192 Marpissa lineata 22
193 Marpissa pikei 2
194 Neon nelli 4
195 Pelegrina flavipes 9
196 Pelegrina galathea 20
197 Pelegrina proterva 29
198 Phidippus audax 1
199 Phidippus cardinalis 6
200 Phidippus clarus 8
201 Phidippus princeps 7
202 Platycryptus undatus 4
203 Salticus scenicus 3
204 Synageles noxiosus 3
205 Synemosyna formica 2
206 Talavera minuta 11
207 Zygoballus rufipes 10
Scytodidae
208 Scytodes thoracica 1
Segestriidae
209 Ariadna bicolor 2
Tetragnathidae
210 Leucauge venusta 7
211 Pachygnatha autumnalis 5
212 Pachygnatha tristriata 5
213 Tetragnatha caudata 7
214 Tetragnatha guatemalensis 1
215 Tetragnatha laboriosa 26
216 Tetragnatha vermiformis 2
217 Tetragnatha versicolor 3
Theridiidae
218 Asagena americana 4
219 Dipoena nigra 3
220 Emertonella emertoni 12
221 Enoplognatha ovata 4
222 Euryopis funebris 14
223 Euryopis gertschi 219
224 Euryopis quinquemaculata 4
225 Hentziectypus globusus 3
226 Latrodectus mactans 1
227 Latrodectus variolus 6
228 Neospintharus trigonum 1
229 Parasteatoda tepidariorum 19
230 Phoroncidia americana 1
231 Robertus frontatus 1
232 Robertus pumilus 3
233 Spintharus flavidus 2
234 Steatoda albomaculata 1
235 Steatoda borealis 4
236 Steatoda triangulosa 1
237 Theonoe stridula 1
238 Theridion albidum 8
239 Theridion differens 7
240 Theridion frondeum 1
241 Theridion glaucescens 1
242 Theridion murarium 1
243 Thymoites expulsus 1
244 Thymoites marxi 11
245 Thymoites unimaculatus 6
246 Wamba congener 1
247 Wamba crispulus 3
248 Yunohamella lyrica 7
249 Mecaphesa asperatus 1
250 Misumenoides formosipes 6
251 Misumenops oblongus 1
252 “Ozyptila sincera oraria, ssp” 76
253 Tmarus angulatus 1
254 Xysticus alboniger 11
255 Xysticus banksi 1 (Umass)
256 Xysticus bicuspis 12
257 Xysticus discursans 1
258 Xysticus ferox 80
259 Xysticus fraternus 6
260 Xysticus funestus 13
261 Xysticus luctans 50
262 Xysticus pellax 5
263 Xysticus triguttatus 4
Trachelidae
264 Trachelas tranquillus 1

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