Spiders

Maria Mitchell staff have been collecting spiders since 2006 and have accumulated more than 6,000 specimens representing about 250 species from Nantucket, Tuckernuck and Muskeget Islands (identifications are on-going). We try to answer several research questions: How many species live on the Islands? How does prescribed burning affect spiders? How do changes in Nantucket plant communities affect spider diversity?

In 2010, MMA scientists and volunteers began a new project to identify harvestmen (daddy-longlegs) on the island.  We found five species.

Scroll down to see a complete list of spider species.

 

Spider Species List for Nantucket

Agelenidae Funnelweb Spiders
Number in Collection
1 Agelenopsis emertoni 24
2 Agelenopsis potteri 5
3 Tegenaria domestica 2
Amaurobiidae
4 Amaurobius ferox 5
Anyphaenidae
5 Arachosia cubana 1
6 Hibana gracilis 18
Araneidae Orbweavers
7 Acanthepeira stellata 148
8 Araneus alboventris 1
9 Araneus bivittatus 1
10 Araneus cornutus 5
11 Araneus diadematus 2
12 Araneus gadus 1
13 Araneus marmoreus 1
14 Araneus miniatus 5
15 Araneus partitus 1
16 Araneus pratensis 14
17 Araneus thaddeus 4
18 Araneus trifolium 4
19 Araniella displicata 1
20 Argiope aurantia 11
21 Argiope trifasciata 39
22 Cyclosa conica 2
23 Cyclosa turbinata 3
24 Eustala anastera 12
25 Eustala emertoni 2
26 Larinia borealis 1
27 Mangora maculata 4
28 Micrathena sagittata 20
29 Neoscona arabesca 133
30 Neoscona domiciliorum 1
31 Neoscona pratensis 17
Atypidae Purseweb Spiders
32 Sphodros niger 5
33 Sphodros rufipes 25
Clubionidae Sac Spiders
34 Clubiona abbotii 9
35 Clubiona johnsoni 25
36 Clubiona kastoni 1
37 Clubiona maritima 1
38 Clubiona obesa 1
39 Clubiona pikei 17
40 Elaver excepta 16
Corinnidae
41 Castianeira cingulata 1
42 Castianeira gertschi 1
43 Castianeira longipalpa 40
44 Castianeira trilineata 2
45 Meriola decepta 10
46 Phrurolithus similis 47
47 Phruronellus formica 16
48 Phrurotimpus alarius 26
49 Phrurotimpus borealis 9
50 Phrurotimpus minutus 59
51 Trachelas tranquillus 1
Dictynidae
52 Cicurina arcuata 3
53 Emblyna angulata 1
54 Emblyna annulipes 1
55 Emblyna cruciata 11
56 Lathys pallida 87
Dysderidae Pillbug Hunters
57 Dysdera crocata 3
Gnaphosidae
58 Callilepis pluto 1
59 Cesonia bilineata 29
60 Drassodes saccatus 3
61 Drassyllus aprilinus 2
62 Drassyllus creolus 56
63 Haplodrassus bicornis 1
64 Haplodrassus signifer 89
65 Micaria longispina 23
66 Sergiolus capulatus 2
67 Sergiolus decoratus 27
68 Sergiolus minutus 1
69 Zelotes duplex 19
70 Zelotes fratis 2
71 Zelotes hentzi 86
72 Zelotes laccus 80
Hahniidae
73 Hahnia cinerea 2
74 Neoantistea agilis 44
Linyphiidae Sheetweb Weavers
75 Agyneta fabra 6
76 Agyneta serrata 26
77 Barypharma longitarsum 1
78 Bathyphantes pallidus 11
79 Centromerus cornupalpis 7
80 Ceraticelus alticeps 57
81 Ceraticelus bryantae 2
82 Ceraticelus emertoni 5
83 Ceraticelus fissiceps 4
84 Ceratinella brunnea 1
85 Ceratinops crenatus 8
86 Ceratinopsis atolma 8
87 Ceratinopsis nigriceps 1
88 Eperigone maculata 32
89 Eridantes erigonoides 1
90 Erigone aletris 1
91 Erigone autumnalis 11
92 Erigone dentosa 1
93 Grammonota capitata 10
94 Grammonota inornata 2
95 Grammonota maculata 28
96 Grammonota ornata 11
97 Grammonota pallipes 14
98 Grammonota pictilis 12
99 Grammonota trivittata 38
100 Halorates plumosus 7
101 Hypselistes florens 15
102 Idionella sclerata 3
103 Lepthyphantes leprosus 2
104 Lepthyphantes sabulosus 3
105 Lepthyphantes zebra 1
106 Maso sundevallii 7
107 Masoncus pogonophilus 3
108 Meioneta micaria 1
109 Mermessus trilobatus 1
110 Metopobactrus prominulus 1
111 Neriene clathrata 34
112 Neriene variabilis 2
113 Pocadicnemis americana 10
114 Scotinotylus vernalis 1
115 Scylaceus pallidus 2
116 Tennesseellum formicum 31
117 Walckenaeria atrotibialis 2
118 Walckenaeria brevicornis 4
119 Walckenaeria digitata 7
120 Walckenaeria directa 2
121 Walckenaeria minuta 3
122 Walckenaeria pallida 1
Liocranidae
123 Agroeca ornata 2
124 Agroeca pratensis 20
Lycosidae Wolf Spiders
125 Allocosa absoluta 1
126 Allocosa funerea 10
127 Arctosa littoralis 9
128 Arctosa rubicunda 7
129 Geolycosa pikei 26
130 Hogna carolinensis 3
131 Hogna frondicola 25
132 Hogna helluo 61
133 Pardosa distincta 197
134 Pardosa floridana 4
135 Pardosa milvina 1
136 Pardosa moesta 21
137 Pardosa saxatilis 272
138 Pirata insularis 9
139 Pirata piraticus 1
140 Pirata sedentarius 1
141 Rabidosa punctulata 4
142 Rabidosa rabida 21
143 Schizocosa avida 145
144 Schizocosa bilineata 151
145 Schizocosa ocreata 3
146 Schizocosa saltatrix 2
147 Trabeops aurantiacus 20
148 Trebacosa marxi 8
149 Trochosa ruricola 1
150 Trochosa terricola 7
151 Varacosa shenandoa 8
Mimetidae Pirate Spiders
152 Mimetus notius 3
153 Cheiracanthium inclusum 8
154 Cheiracanthium mildei 2
Oxyopidae Lynx Spiders
155 Oxyopes salticus 18
156 Oxyopes scalaris 9
Philodromidae
157 Ebo latithorax 4
158 Philodromus imbecillus 7
159 Philodromus marxi 1
160 Philodromus placidus 14
161 Thanatus formicinus 24
162 Tibellus duttoni 7
163 Tibellus oblongus 34
Pholcidae Cellar Spiders
164 Pholcus phalangioides 16
Salticidae Jumping Spiders
165 Admestina tibialis 2
166 Admestina wheeleri 1
167 Eris militaris 8
168 Evarcha hoyi 1
169 Habronattus borealis 1
170 Habronattus decorus 1
171 Habronattus viridipes 15
172 Hentzia palmarum 73
173 Maevia inclemens 5
174 Maevia vittata 2
175 Marpissa lineata 29
176 Marpissa pikei 3
177 Neon nellii 3
178 Peckhamia picata 1
179 Pelegrina flavipes 7
180 Pelegrina galathea 17
181 Pelegrina proterva 30
182 Phidippus audax 2
183 Phidippus cardinalis 4
184 Phidippus clarus 8
185 Phidippus princeps 2
186 Phidippus whitmanii 5
187 Platycryptus undatus 3
188 Salticus scenicus 3
189 Synageles noxiosus 3
190 Synemosyna formica 4
191 Talavera minuta 11
192 Zygoballus rufipes 13
Scytodidae
193 Scytodes thoracica 2
Segestriidae
194 Ariadna bicolor 2
Tetragnathidae Long-jawed Orbweavers
195 Leucauge venusta 20
196 Pachygnatha autumnalis 4
197 Pachygnatha tristriata 12
198 Tetragnatha caudata 14
199 Tetragnatha elongata 1
200 Tetragnatha guatemalensis 1
201 Tetragnatha laboriosa 35
202 Tetragnatha seneca 1
203 Tetragnatha vermiformis 2
204 Tetragnatha versicolor 1
205 Tetragnatha viridis 12
Theridiidae Cobweb Spiders
206 Achaearanea globosa 3
207 Achaearanea tepidariorum 20
208 Argyrodes trigonum 2
209 Crustulina sticta 1
210 Dipoena nigra 3
211 Emertonella emertoni 1
212 Enoplognatha ovata 4
213 Euryopis emertoni 11
214 Euryopis funebris 17
215 Euryopis gertschi 203
216 Euryopis quinquemaculata 4
217 Latrodectus mactans 1
218 Latrodectus variolus 6
219 Phoroncidia americana 2
220 Robertus frontatus 1
221 Robertus pumulis 3
222 Spintharus flavidus 2
223 Steatoda albomaculata 1
224 Steatoda americana 4
225 Steatoda borealis 2
226 Takayus lyricus 7
227 Theonoe stridula 1
228 Theridion albidum 8
229 Theridion differens 9
230 Theridion frondeum 1
231 Theridion glaucescens 1
232 Theridion murarium 1
233 Theridula emertoni 1
234 Thymoites marxi 11
235 Thymoites unimaculatus 12
236 Wamba congener 1
237 Wamba crispulus 3
Theridiosomatidae
238 Theridiosoma gemmosum 1
Thomisidae Crab Spiders
239 Misumenoides formosipes 11
240 Misumenops asperatus 1
241 Misumenops oblongus 1
242 Ozyptila americana 37
243 Ozyptila conspurcata 12
244 Ozyptila practicola 1
245 Ozyptila sincer oraria, ssp 46
246 Tmarus rubromaculatus 2
247 Xysticus alboniger 14
248 Xysticus bicuspis 12
249 Xysticus discursans 1
250 Xysticus ferox 75
251 Xysticus fraternus 6
252 Xysticus funestus 15
253 Xysticus gulosus 3
254 Xysticus luctans 48
255 Xysticus pellax 5
256 Xysticus triguttatus 3
Uloboridae
257 Hyptiotes cavatus 1

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